Tom Coffin, the Atlanta arborist whose firing last summer caused a firestorm of controversy, says he's suing the city.
In a suit filed Friday, Coffin's attorneys say his supervisors at City Hall violated the state's "whistleblower" statute when he was fired after raising questions about his colleagues' alleged lax enforcement of the city's tree ordinance.
The City Council passed and the Mayor signed the Tree Protection Ordinance in recognition of how important trees are to the health and well-being of the city," Coffin says in a press release. "I was hired to enforce the law and to ensure that my colleagues did so as well. My firing leaves the city with a broken ordinance and a mockery of enforcement. It is outrageous that I should have to sue for my job while the City, in the midst of a severe economic crisis, pays five field arborists to look the other way and make excuses for their lack of performance and accountability to the law.
Coffins wants the city to rehire him and pay compensatory damages. He is represented by Brian Spears and Gerry Weber, former legal director of the Georgia American Civil Liberties Union.
View the press release and a pasted version of the suit after the jump. You can also download a PDF of the suit here.
(Photo by Joeff Davis)
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
Fired Arborist Files Whistle-blower Suit Against the City of Atlanta
Tom Coffin, whose sudden unexplained firing from his position as Senior Arborist for the City of Atlanta in July 2008 sparked a wave of citizen protest and media coverage, filed suit against the City in Fulton County Superior Court on February 13, 2009. Coffins suit charges the City with violations of the Georgia Whistle-blower statute and his right to free speech under the Georgia Constitution.
Coffin, 65, was one of the first field arborists hired by the City in 2000 to implement a re-written Tree Protection Ordinance. He was elevated to a newly created post of Arborist, Sr. in October 2007, with supervisory responsibility for the field arborist operation. He was fired after presenting evidence to his superiors of lack of enforcement of the ordinance by other field arborists and while trying to initiate disciplinary actions against two of his subordinates who had failed to enforce the Tree Protection Ordinance.
Coffin states that he is dismayed by the need to go to court against the city. The City Council passed and the Mayor signed the Tree Protection Ordinance in recognition of how important trees are to the health and well-being of the city. I was hired to enforce the law and to ensure that my colleagues did so as well. My firing leaves the city with a broken ordinance and a mockery of enforcement. It is outrageous that I should have to sue for my job while the City, in the midst of a severe economic crisis, pays five field arborists to look the other way and make excuses for their lack of performance and accountability to the law.
Coffin's suit (some information about his attorneys has been redacted to prevent spammers):
IN THE SUPERIOR COURT OF FULTON COUNTY
STATE OF GEORGIA
CITY OF ATLANTA,
Jury Trial Demanded
This is a whistle-blower case arising from the termination of Dr. Thomas Coffin, Plaintiff, as Senior Arborist for the City of Atlanta, after he raised concerns about the failure of several arborists to enforce Atlantas Tree Protection Ordinance. By and through counsel, he hereby shows this Honorable Court the following:
JURISDICTION AND VENUE
1. This is a civil action arising under O.C.G.A. §§ 45-1-4(d), and Article 1, Section 1, paragraphs 3, 5 and 9 of the Georgia Constitution.
2. Venue is proper because the Defendant, City of Atlanta, is located in Atlanta, Fulton County, Georgia which is located in the Atlanta Judicial Circuit.
3. Plaintiff Thomas Coffin is a resident of Atlanta, Fulton County, Georgia. During all times relevant to this Complaint, Plaintiff was an employee of the City of Atlanta and served as Senior Arborist. He was a public employee of a local governmental entity that receives funds from the State of Georgia and state agencies.
4. Defendant City of Atlanta, employed Plaintiff, and terminated him as a result of his raising concerns about the failure of several arborists to enforce Atlantas Tree Protection Ordinance. Defendant receives funds from the State of Georgia and its agencies.
5. Tom Coffin served as an arborist for the City of Atlanta for the years 2000 to 2008. Over this time, Coffin witnessed disproportionate enforcement of Atlantas Tree Protection Ordinance. Some arborists enforced the ordinance, and protected trees under the ordinance, while other often failed to follow and enforce the legal requirements of the ordinance.
6. In the summer of 2007, Dr. Coffin applied for the newly created position of Arborist Senior.
7. When interviewed, he urged that the arborist division of the department needed effective operational and performance standards and needed implementation of employee accountability of those standards.
8. Dr. Coffin informed the interviewers that if hired he would anticipate holding himself and his subordinates accountable to the Tree Protection Ordinance of the City of Atlanta, and to the established Standards of Practice.
9. In late September of 2007, Dr. Coffin was promoted to the position of Senior Arborist, and was thereby assigned supervisory duties over other arborists in the division.
10. According to the rating system used to rate Dr. Coffins job performance, one of Dr. Coffins critical job elements was to follow and ensure that arborist [sic] follow the Standards of Practice as required.
11. When Dr. Coffin was promoted, the day to day operations of the arborist division were to be conducted by the staff of the division in accordance with the Standards of Practice which had been promulgated for such purposes prior to February of 2006.
12. In April of 2008, Ainsley Caldwell, Arborcultural Manager of the Arborist Division of the Department of Planning and Community Development of the City of Atlanta re-released Standards of Practice to the Division.
13. Although Caldwells transmittal memo in April of 2008 characterized the Standards as having been revised and updated, the Standards of Practice re-released by
Caldwell were the same set of Standards which had been previously in place for the Arborist Division.
14. Said Standards of Practice provided guidelines by which to ensure that the staff of the Arborist Division complied with the requirements of the City of Atlantas Tree Protection Ordinance.
15. Attached hereto and incorporated herein as if fully set forth is a true and correct copy of the Caldwell memo described above. Said memo directed that staff shall adhere to the Standards of Practice.
16. Training of the arborists was instituted by Mr. Caldwell.
17. Both before and after the promulgation of the memo from Mr. Caldwell, Mr. Coffin engaged in conduct which constituted the reporting by him to his supervisors of actions being taken by other arborists employed by the City of Atlanta which were in violation of or noncompliance with the laws, rules or regulations of the City of Atlanta.
18. On or about May 1, 2008, Paul Lewkowicz was working as an arborist for the City of Atlanta. Mr. Lewkowicz was issued an Oral Admonishment for an improper Preliminary Posting in violation or noncompliance with the ruled and regulations of the Division. A Preliminary Posting references the placing of a sign on property that is subject to a building permit application requiring the removal of threes. When a property is posted such action indicates that the submitted site plan matches the site and is in compliance with the applicable provisions of the Tree Protection Ordinance of the City of Atlanta.
19. In late May of 2008, Mr. Michael Franklin met with Dr. Coffin and Mr. Caldwell. The meeting was conducted as a result of reports by Mr. Coffin to Mr. Caldwell to the effect that Mr. Franklin had engaged in conduct which was in violation of or constituted noncompliance with a law, rule or regulation of the City of Atlanta including, but not limited to, the Standards of Practice, the Department of Planning and Community Developments Code of Code of Conduct, and the City of Atlanta Code of Ordinances.
20. Following the May, 2008 report by Coffin, Dr. Coffin reported additional breaches of the Standards of Practice on Mr. Franklins part to Mr. Caldwell in late June of 2008. Mr. Franklin received a verbal reprimand for failure to follow City procedures. Other deficiencies in Franklins adherence to the laws and regulations of the City were reported by Dr. Coffin to Mr. Caldwell.
21. In late April of 2008, Dr. Coffin reported conduct on the part of arborist Janelle Bazile which he believed to constitute a violation of or non-compliance with the laws, rules or regulations of the City of Atlanta, including the Standards of Practice. Dr. Coffin reported both the facts of Ms. Baziles conduct and her refusal to cooperate with his inquiry as to her conduct, despite his capacity as her supervisor, and despite Department of Planning and Community Developments Code of Conduct mandating employees to cooperate with requests for information from their supervisors. Dr. Coffins efforts to obtain explanations from Ms. Bazile as to her actions which were the subject of Dr. Coffins reports to his supervisors were rebuffed.
22. In the course of reporting the violations of the Standards of Practice on the part of other arborists, Dr. Coffin recommended that admonishments be issued to other members of the staff of the department.
23. Dr. Coffin recommended admonishments of other arborist division employees for mis-classifying trees to permit their removal, which constituted a direct violation of the Divisions Standards of Practice.
24. On or about July 14, 2008, Dr. Coffin submitted a report to his supervisor, Mr. Caldwell, in which Dr. Coffin pointed out that a survey of the performance on the part of the staff of the Arborist Division reflected that Dr. Coffin was the only field arborist engaged in systematic enforcement of the Tree Protection Ordinance through application of and compliance with the Standards of Practice. The survey reflected that other staff routinely failed to enforce the tree protection ordinance and sanctioned removal of trees that should have been protected under the Tree Protection Ordinance.
25. On or about July 11, 2008, Dr. Coffin sought to obtain a meeting with Mr. Caldwell to discuss the possibility of discipline to be imposed on Division employees. On July 14, 2008, Dr. Coffin met with Mr. Caldwell and provided him with an analysis of arborist production and enforcement activities. On July 18, 2008, Dr. Coffin again made a request to Mr. Caldwell for a meeting to be attended by Caldwell, Bazile and Franklin.
26. On July 21, 2008, Mr. Caldwell responded to Dr. Coffin that Bazile and Franklin had asked to meet with Mr. Maslamani.
27. On July 25, 2008, Dr. Coffin again asked for a meeting with Mr. Caldwell to which he could submit additional proposed oral admonishments to Bazile and Franklin.
28. After Dr. Coffins reporting of such violations of the Standards of Practice to his supervisors, the three staff members of the arborists department about whom Dr. Coffin had complained met with Mr. Caldwell and with Mr. Maslamani, Mr. Caldwells supervisor.
29. Mr. Maslamani received the reports that Dr. Coffin had been reporting non-compliance with the Citys Standards of Practice and Tree Protection Ordinance on the part of the other three staff members of the arborists department.
30. Mr. Maslamani decided to terminate Dr. Coffin as a direct result of Mr. Maslamanis receipt of the reports from other staff that Dr. Coffin had been reporting violations of, and non-compliance with, the laws and regulations of the City of Atlanta.
31. Dr. Coffin was terminated despite the fact that the rating of Dr. Coffins job performance conducted closest in time to his eventual termination rated him as effective in his job performance.
32. Dr. Coffin was terminated despite the fact that he had not engaged in conduct which constituted the violation of, or non-compliance with, the Standards of Practice established and promulgated for the operations of the Arborist Division.
CLAIMS FOR RELIEF - VIOLATION OF O.C.G.A. § 45-1-4
33. The foregoing paragraphs are realleged and incorporated herein by reference.
34. Section 45-1-4(d) of the Georgia Code provides that [n]o action against any
public employee shall be taken or threatened by any public employer who has authority to take, direct others to take, recommend, or approve any personnel action as a reprisal for making a complaint or disclosing information to the public employer . . . .
The Section 45-1-4 (c)(2) provides as well that No public employer shall retaliate against a public employee for disclosing a violation of or noncompliance with a law, rule, or regulation to either a supervisor or a government agency, unless the disclosure was made with knowledge that the disclosure was false or with reckless disregard for its truth or falsity.
35. Plaintiff had reasonable cause to believe a violation of or non-compliance with a law, rule, or regulation: He reported that arborists employed by the City of Atlanta were failing to enforce the Atlanta Tree Protection Ordinance. In doing so, he disclosed violations of or noncompliance with a laws, rules, or regulations to his supervisor and government agencies.
36. On information and belief, Defendant disclosed Plaintiffs identity as a provider of information, without the written consent of Plaintiff, and such disclosure was not necessary and unavoidable during the course of a investigation. Plaintiff was not notified in writing at least seven days prior to such disclosure.
37. Defendant terminated Plaintiff from his position as Senior Arborist after Plaintiff reported that arborists employed by the City of Atlanta were failing to enforce the Atlanta Tree Protection Ordinance.
38. Defendants action of terminating Plaintiff was in retaliation for Plaintiff reporting that arborists employed by the City of Atlanta were failing to enforce the Atlanta Tree Protection Ordinance.
39. As a result of Defendants retaliatory actions, Plaintiff was wrongfully terminated from his position as Senior Arborist, and lost wages and all benefits that he had accrued up until the time of his termination, including sick time, compensatory time and accumulated pension vesting time.
VIOLATION OF RIGHT TO FREE SPEECH UNDER THE GEORGIA CONSTITUTION
40. The foregoing paragraphs are re-alleged and incorporated herein by reference.
41. Plaintiff reported that arborists employed by the City of Atlanta were failing to enforce the Atlanta Tree Protection Ordinance.
42. Plaintiffs statements regarding the failure to enforce the Atlanta Tree Protection Ordinance were a matter of public concern and protected speech under Georgia Constitution, Article 1, Section 1, paragraphs 3, 5 and 9.
43. Plaintiffs speech was a substantial motivating factor in Defendants decision to terminate Plaintiff from his position as Senior Arborist.
44. The Defendants action of terminating Plaintiff constitutes violation of the Georgia Constitution, Article 1, Section 1, paragraphs 3, 5 and 9.
45. The Defendants action of terminating Plaintiff was done with malice and/or reckless disregard for Plaintiffs constitutional rights. The Defendants actions were intentional and taken in bad faith.
46. As a result of the Defendants retaliatory actions against Plaintiff for exercising his constitutional rights, Plaintiff has suffered monetary loss, loss of reputation, emotional pain and suffering, inconvenience, mental anguish, and loss of enjoyment of life.
PRAYER FOR RELIEF
WHEREFORE, Plaintiff respectfully requests judgment against the Defendants as follows:
a. Reinstatement to his position as Senior Arborist, or a comparable position;
b. Reinstatement of all benefits that Plaintiff accrued up until his wrongful termination and would have accrued had he not been terminated, including lost wages, dental health insurance, retirement benefits, all fringe benefits and seniority status;
c. Compensatory damages against the Defendant in an amount reasonable and commensurate with the loss of reputation, emotional pain and suffering, inconvenience, mental anguish, and loss of enjoyment of life imposed upon him by the Defendants unlawful acts;
d. An injunction restraining violations of O.C.G.A. § 45-1-4;
e. Trial by jury;
f. Reasonable attorney's fees, court costs, and expenses; and
g. Such other relief that this Court deems proper and just.
Attorneys For Plaintiff
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